December 24, 1852: B&O Railroad Completed Near Moundsville

Dec 24, 2014

During the Civil War, the B&O played into the military strategies of both sides, and its tracks were repeatedly damaged and then repaired.
Credit e-wv, The West Virginia Encyclopedia online. / e-WV

On Christmas Eve 1852, the last spike was driven on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad between Baltimore and the Ohio River. The event occurred at Rosbys Rock near Moundsville. The Baltimore and Ohio—known as the B&O—changed the course of West Virginia history. It produced the first coal boom in the northern part of the state and led to the rapid growth of towns like Harpers Ferry, Martinsburg, Grafton, Parkersburg, Wheeling, and Clarksburg.