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A Response to 'Hillbilly Elegy' by Appalachian Writers: Inside Appalachia

Jesse Wright

“Hillbilly Elegy: A Memoir of a Family and Culture in Crisis”, a personal memoir by JD Vance, was on the New York Times Bestseller list for 24 weeks. After the 2016 presidential election, some people read the book hoping to gain insights into the region. It sold more than a million copies, and a Ron Howard film is now in the works.

West Virginia University Press recently published a new book called “Appalachian Reckoning: A Region Responds to Hillbilly Elegy.” The book includes essays, poetry and photos from 40 activists, artists and poets.

Newspapers across the country have published positive reviews for “Hillbilly Elegy”. One reviewer for the LA Times wrote, “J.D. Vance's 'Hillbilly Elegy' provides a window into the pain and anger of Trump's America”.

On the other hand, critics of “Hillbilly Elegy” accuse Vance of claiming that most poor people are lazy, without addressing the root causes of poverty here in Appalachia. They also object to the use of the word elegy in the title. An elegy is typically a lament for the dead.


Credit Courtesy WVU Press

Anthony Harkins, a professor of history at Western Kentucky University, is one of the editors for Appalachian Reckoning.

“People outside the region, who read Hillbilly Elegy, and who thought it was the definitive book on the subject, will have a more complicated perspective after reading the Appalachian Reckoning,” he said. 

Affrilachian poet Crystal Good contributed a poem to “Appalachian Reckoning”. She said she wasn’t a fan of “Hillbilly Elegy”, but she conceded some good has come from the book.

“There is an entire anthology, there are entire books coming out in response to his book. It just highlights the region’s defensiveness.  It is really a time to create the narrative instead of combat the narrative,” she said.

“He’s a person. I get upset when I get put in certain boxes or certain labels get put on me. I don’t even know JD Vance. We’ve made a villain out of a human being for creating a book that’s clearly labeled memoir. We are mad in a sense because it has gotten so much recognition. He just happened to be the person the success dropped on.”

Credit Courtesy Kelli Haywood
Kelli Haywood

Another contributor to the book, Kelli Haywood, penned an essay called “In Defense of J.D Vance”. Haywood said she doesn't necessarily support Vance but felt that people were spending too much time fighting over what he wrote. She said the problems Vance wrote about, like intergenerational poverty and substance abuse, are real. She was also concerned that people were trying to pick the book apart, suggesting his story wasn’t valid.

“I got frustrated because one, it's a memoir. And I was seeing a lot of people saying things like he wasn’t an Appalachian. That he didn’t know what he was talking about. Questioning whether his summer visits to his mamaw’s house meant he knew anything at all about the Appalachian experience,” Haywood said. “It seemed like people didn’t want to address the real issues the book brought up. And in my mind, if we’re going to move Appalachia forward, and have any future that is not coal based, we’re going to have to address these very stark and real issues.”

Appalachian Reckoning: A Region Responds to Hillbilly Elegy” is available through West Virginia University Press.

Music in this episode is by Tom Breiding, the Western Avenue String BandAlan Cathead Johnston, Dinosaur Burps, and Ben Townsend. We had help producing Inside Appalachia this week from Sydney Boles at the Ohio Valley ReSource, WMMT and Appalshop. Thanks to WVU Press for lending us excerpt parts of "Appalachian Reckoning", and Harper Collins Audiobooks, for allowing us to use clips of JD Vance reading from his book, "Hillbilly Elegy".

Roxy Todd is our producer. Eric Douglas is our associate producer.  Our executive producer is Jesse Wright. He and Ibby Caputo edited our show this week. Our audio mixer is Patrick Stephens. You can find us online on Twitter @InAppalachia.


Jessica covers southern West Virginia for West Virginia Public Broadcasting. You can reach her at jlilly@wvpublic.org.
Roxy Todd joined West Virginia Public Broadcasting in 2014 and works as the producer for Inside Appalachia. She's the recipient of a National Edward R. Murrow Award for "Excellence in Video," for a story about the demands small farmers face in West Virginia. She also won a National PMJA Award For "Best Feature" for her story about the history of John Denver's song "Country Roads." You can reach her at rtodd@wvpublic.org.
Eric is a native of Kanawha County who graduated from Marshall University with a degree in journalism. He has written for newspapers and magazines throughout his career. He is an author, writing both nonfiction and fiction, including a series of thriller novels set in locations around the world. You can reach Eric at edouglas@wvpublic.org